10.34091/AJLS.3.1.2

Immunoassay Technique for Diagnosis of Hepatitis B and C Virus Among Drivers and Conductors of long Route Heavy Vehicles

Irfan Ullah *1 , Mati Ullah*2 Muhammad Tariq Khan, *1 Sanaullah Khan*1, Hazrat Noor*2 Nasir Ali Khan, *2 Wisal Ahmad, *3 Aman Ullah*1

1 Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.
2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological sciences, Quaid I Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
3 Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad 45550, Pakistan



Abstract

It is reported from various studies that Drivers and Conductors of heavy vehicles are highly exposed to HCV and HBV. The present study is conducted to investigate the frequency and percentage of HCV and HBsAg in drivers and conductor's community of heavy vehicles in Pakistan. Data of about 200 subjects from District Bannu, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa was collected for this study, in which 63% were drivers and 37% were conductors. They were screened for both HCV antibodies and HBsAg. The screening method used during the study was immunochromatographic technique (ICT), which showed that about 19.8% of the drivers were found to be HBsAg positive, while 5.5% were HCV positive. Also, 5.4% of the conductors were found to be HBsAg positive and 4.05% were HCV positive. This study revealed that chances of HCV and Hepatitis B is high in unmarried drivers and conductor as compared to married one. Also, the present study concluded the maximum prevalence of Hepatitis B and C in persons of age 35-45

Keywords Frequency, Hepatitis B, HCV, Immune chromatographic technique, Screening, Prevalence

Received

January 17, 2020

Received Revised

March 16, 2020

Accepted

Mach 22, 2020

Available Online

June 29, 2020


Corresponding author email:

matiullahshab@yahoo.com
matiullah@bs.qau.edu.pk

How to Cite

Ullah I, Ullah Mati, Khan MT, Khan S, Noor H, Khan NA, Ahmad W, Ullah A. Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C Virus among Drivers and Conductors of long route Heavy Vehicles in District Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences 2020; 3(1): 9-16.

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University