1Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.
2Department of Optometry & vision Sciences, Imperial College of Business Studies.
Psyllium husk commonly known as Isphaghol is one of the blessed food due to pharmaceutical properties. It has various species which haveindividual effect on health. However, Plantago ovata is the most common specie of Indo-Pak. It is a highly nutritious as it contains carbohydrates (84.98%), proteins (6.83%), ash contents (4.07%), xylose (75%), arabinose (23%), linoleic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid andarabinoxylan which is helpful in curing various physiological health disorders. The dietary fiber present in psyllium play its positive role in the prevention and cure of several chronic diseases i.e cardiovascular diseases, certain cancers, stomach disorders and constipation problems. Its fiber used in diet therapy against diabetic patients as it binds with excessive glucose from blood and lower down the sugar level in blood. It is also proved that psyllium husk significantly reduced the body weightand overcome issue of obesity among children and adolescents. It also reduces the cholesterol level in body which ultimately reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Keywords:Nutritious diet, dietary fiber, chronic diseases, diet therapy.