AJ Life Sci. 2022, 5 (1)

A Review on Pharmaceutical Waste Pollution in Water: Extent, Management and Removal Strategies

Umair Riaz1*, Laila Shahzad2, Ambreen Aslam3, Muhammad Akram Qazi4, Muhammad Nasim5, Wajiha Anum6, Rehmat Ullah7, Madiha Mobeen Khan8, Ilyas Ahmad9

1Department of Soil & Environmental Sciences, MNS-University of Agriculture Multan, Pakistan

2 Sustainable Development Study Center, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan

3Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Lahore, Pakistan

4Rapid Soil Fertility Research Institute, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

5Soil and Water Testing Laboratory for Research, Agriculture Department, Government of Punjab, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

6Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

7Soil and Water Testing Laboratory for Research, Agriculture Department, Government of Punjab, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan

8Entomology Section, Regional Agricultural Research Institute,Bahawalpur, Pakistan

9Pesticide Quality Control Laboratory, Multan, Agriculture Department, Government of Punjab, Pakistan


Pharmaceutical waste and presence of hazardous pollutants in them is a growing concern due to their fate, origin, higher rate of utilization and varying nature of active ingredients resulting in water contamination. However, there is few research on the graving nature of the problem. Cascading impacts on human and ecosystems can be expected from contaminated groundwater and other aquatic channels. While, various technologies used and studied for the removal/reduction/sedimentation of pharmaceutical pollutants. At the initial stages, level of toxicity should check with respect to flora, fauna, environment, and human health. Furthermore, the production of by-products from pharmaceutical pollutants should also be checked and regulated. These by-products can be much more toxic, than the original contaminants and can exert significant toxic effects. It was concluded that there should be ongoing efforts to reduce the cost associated with pharmaceutical waste and their pollutants removal processes to ensure sustainability in the environment and human being.

Keywords: nanoparticles, oxidation, pharmaceutical pollution, radiation, sustainable environment, toxicity




February 10, 2022

Received Revised

September 10, 2022


September 11, 2022

Available Online

September 17, 2022

Corresponding author email:


How to Cite

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University