AJ Life Sci. 2020, 3 (2): 184-192

Genetic variability and heritability estimates of morphological traits in F2 populations of rapeseed (Brassica carinata L.)

Muhammad Nauman 1, Farhatullah 1, Nazir Ahmad 1,2 ,Fazli Ahad 1 ,Touheed Iqbal 3 ,Iqbal Hussain 4 ,Muhammad Noor 5 and Habib Ali 6,7

1 Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, KPK-Pakistan
2 Oil Crops Research Institute, The Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, BeijingP.R. China
3 Directorate General Agricultural Research, Peshawar, KPK-Pakistan.
4 Institute of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, HangzhouP.R. China.
5 Department of Agriculture,Hazara University, Mansehra, KPK-Pakistan.
6 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering & InformationTechnology, Rahim Yar Khan-64200, Pakistan
7 Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Depalpur Campus, Okara-Pakistan


This study aimed to estimate genetic variability, heritability, and geneticadvance for morphological characters in Brassica carinata L. A total of 22genotypes comprised of six parental lines and their 16 bulk F2 populationswere evaluated in a randomized complete block design with threereplications at The University of Agriculture Peshawar during 2013-14. Data were recorded on days to 50% flowering, primary branches plant-1, main raceme length, pods on main raceme, pod length, number of seeds pod-1, 100-seed weight, and seed yield plant-1. Significant genetic differences were observed for all the traits studied. Among parental lines, C-93 performedbetter for primary branches plant-1 (11 branches), main raceme length (59.57 cm), pods on main raceme-1 (33 pods), and seeds pod-1 (15 seeds), C95 for pod length (4.04 cm) and seed yield plant-1 (12.26 g). Among F2 populations, C-97 x C-88 performed better for main raceme length (73.20cm), pods on main raceme (41 pods), C-88 x C-93 for pod length (4.95 cm), seeds pod-1 (18 seeds), and seed yield plant-1 (14.71 g). Moderate (30 < h2 ? 60) to high (h2 > 60) broad-sense heritability was observed for all morphological traits with maximum genetic advance, hence indicated that selection could be effective in the early generation for the improvements of these studied traits. Generally, cross combinations C-88 x C-93, C-97 x C-95, C-90 x C-93, and C-97 x C-88 performed better than their parental lines for morphological (primary branches plant-1, seeds pod-1 , and seed yield plant-1) traits and could be exploited for varietal development in future brassica breeding programs

Keywords: Genetic variability, genetic advance, heritability, pod length,seeds pod-1




October 28, 2020

Received Revised

December 13, 2020


December 25, 2020

Available Online

December 31, 2020

Corresponding author email:


How to Cite

Nauman M, Farhatullah, Ahmad N, Ahad F, Iqbal T, Hussain I, Noor M, Ali H. Genetic variability and heritability estimates of morphological traits in F2 populations of rapeseed (Brassica carinata L.). Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences 2020; 3(2): 184-192..

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University