AJ Life Sci. 2023, 6 (1)

Health, education, and attitude toward Down syndrome people in the Pashtun

Ruqiya Pervaiz1*, Muhammad Yousaf1, Gauhar Rehman1, Rooh Ullah1, Muhammad Zubair1, Ubaid Ullah1,Shams Ur Rehman1, Muhammad Zulqarnain1

1Department of Zoology, Faculty of Chemical and Life Sciences, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan


Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic abnormality worldwide. This preliminary study aims to assess the attitude of society toward DS people and the understanding of their health and education status in the Pashtun population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The study sample was DS people (no. 108) and their parents/guardians (no. 108) belonging to different province areas. Information was collected on a predesigned questionnaire by trained professionals. P? 0.05 was considered significant. The overall response of the study population was positive (mean=4.066, SD=0.99). However, no significant difference appeared in the categorical analysis for sex, age group, location, and education level of the respondents. The result indicated that cardiovascular disease was the most common disease in DS people (7.4%). Further, 82.4% of the DS people were not enrolled in any school. Although the overall attitude toward DS people is very positive in the Pashtun population, the province's national social system cannot support disabled people appropriately. Policies should be made for these people on the provincial and national levels to reduce their dependency on the family.

Keywords: Intellectual disability, Attitude, Congenital disorders, Health status, Education.




April 4, 2023

Received Revised

August 03, 2023


August 23, 2023

Available Online

August 25,2023

Corresponding author email:


How to Cite

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University