AJ Life Sci. 2022, 5 (2)

Epidemiology of Hemonchus contortus in goat and sheep population of district Tank, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Arsalan Khan1, Muhammad Jamil2*, Jaweria Gul3, Habib Ullah4, Muhammad Kashif5, Atta Ur Rehman4, Imtiaz Khan6, Shahid Zeb7, Mubarik Ali8, Norina Jabeen9

1Veterinary Research and Disease Investigation Centre, Dera Ismail Khan-29050-Pakistan

2PARC Arid Zone Research Centre, Dera Ismail Khan-29050-Pakistan

3Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Department of Biotechnology, Dir Upper, KPK, Pakistan

4Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan-29050-Pakistan

5Department of Clinical Sciences, Sub Campus Jhang, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000-Pakistan

6Veterinary Research Centre, Tank- 29461-Pakistan

7Government Degree College No.2, Dera Ismail Khan-29050-Pakistan

8Animal science Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, 54000-Pakistan

9Rural Sociology Department, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan


Hemonchus contortus is a blood sucking parasite infesting sheep and goats throughout the world, thus significantly deteriorate the health and production of the animals, rendering huge economic losses to the livestock enterprise. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was designed for the estimation of epidemiological incidence of Hemonchus contortus in goat and sheep population in District Tank of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan and to analyze the associated risk factors. For this purpose, a sum of 400 fecal samples were randomly collected from sheep and goat populations in District Tank, during the year 2021-22 for the determination of prevalence of the Haemonchus contortus. The results revealed that overall prevalence of Haemonchus contortus in sheep and goats in Tank was 15.50 and 13.00%, respectively. The significant difference (P<0.05) was seen in the prevalence percentage of this parasite in both species of small ruminants. The males in sheep showed a prevalence of 12.85%, while the females showed a prevalence of 16.92%, revealing a non-significant (P?0.05) difference. The prevalence percentage in bucks was 12.72%, while the female goats showed a prevalence of 13.10%, hence, that were statistically non-significant (P?0.05). It was concluded from the study that there was significant incidence of Haemonchus contortus in small ruminants in District Tank, and it declines the production of the animals and badly affect their health, production and growth. Therefore, strategic control measures should be adapted and devised to control the infestation of Haemonchus contortus in the animals.

Keywords: Economic impact; Endemic; Incidence of Parasitism; Infestation; Small Ruminants.




October 26, 2022

Received Revised

December 23, 2022


December 24, 2022

Available Online

December 25, 2022

Corresponding author email:


How to Cite

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University