AJ Life Sci. 2022, 5 (2)

Effects of environmental factors on the physiology and development of honey bees

Ahmad Manan Mustafa Chatha1, Saima Naz2*, Durali Danabas 3

1Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan

2Department of Zoology, Government Sadiq College Women University, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan

3Fisheries Faculty, Munzur University, TR62000, Tunceli, Turkey


Environmental aspects have a substantial impact on the physiological and morphological attributes of social bees. Living organisms including plants, animals, and human are much influenced by the environment. Environmental factors including temperature, nutrition, light, beehive conditions and social interactions are compelling agents in alteration of morphology, development, and health of honeybees. Beekeeping may also be at risk due to climate change effect on agriculture, which appears to be a major concern for the sector. Temperature variations impair the honeybee colony's internal functions, including food storage, brood rearing, and social stability. Colony collapse has been caused by nutritional stress brought on by habitat loss, infestation by various pests and diseases, and chemical exposure. The honeybees decline, queens are replaced, and eventually the colony breaks down and dies by the viruses and parasites. Foraging behaviour is influenced by temperature as activity levels drop as the temperature rises. The foraging activity peaked at 20 C and peaked at 43 C.Like humans, nutrition affects the gut microbiome of bees, makes themmore susceptible to disease, shortens their life span, and is the primaryfactor in the collapse of honeybee colonies. Comprehensive investigation on the influence of environmental changes on honeybee condition andprotection against hazardous environmental circumstances. It has beenshown that since the start of industrialization, a variety of causesthreatened honeybees' lives. The protection of bees and biodiversity is anurgent matter of concern and demands serious efforts from different stakeholders to play their legitimate role.

Keywords: Honeybees - Environmental Factors - Temperature - Diet - Behavior




October 21, 2022

Received Revised

December 24, 2022


December 24, 2022

Available Online

December 25, 2022

Corresponding author email:


How to Cite

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University