AJ Life Sci. 2022, 5 (2)

Prevalence and determinants of Asthma in adults in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Shahrukh Khan1, Bakhtawar1, Sheeza Iqbal*2, Asima Azam1, Asma-Ul-Husna3, Saima Qadeer4, Surrya Khanam5

1Department of Zoology, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan

2Department of Animal and Agriculture, Hartpury University, Hartpury, Gloucestershire, GL19 3BE, United Kingdom

3Department of Biology, University of Haripur, 22620, Pakistan

4Department of Zoology, Division of Science & Technology, University of Education Lahore, 54000, Pakistan

5Department of Zoology, Women University Swabi, Pakistan


Asthma is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease that is caused by biological and environmental factors. These factors can be in the form of dust, chemicals, smoke, allergens, and viruses. Approximately, 315 million people are affected with asthma worldwide. This study is designed to determine the prevalence of asthma in adults of different ages and its symptoms and main determinants in the Mardan and Peshawar districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar and Bacha Khan Medical Complex Mardan from May 2020 to March 2021. Data were collected from 1,400 individuals, and the prevalence of asthma was reported to be 22.57% (n=316). Asthma prevalence was reported to be more in men (55.7%) compared to women (44.3%) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Asthma was most common between people aged 18-27 years (31%). The majority of asthma patients were obese (53.8%) compared to non-obese (46.2%) patients. The most common symptoms of asthma were respiratory infections including the common cold, flu and pneumonia (89.87%), followed by chest pain, dyspnea (88.6%) and wheezing (83.54%). %). Risk factors for asthma include allergens exposure to dust mites, pollen, animal dander and cold air, family history of the disease, smoking, consumption of food containing sulphites and preservatives and use of certain medications including beta-blockers and aspirin in the KPK province of Pakistan. The government should conduct awareness campaigns in various cities, where proper lung function tests and other drugs using corticosteroids should be used to control the spread of the disease.

Keywords: Asthma, Adults, Prevalence, Determinants, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.




September 27, 2022

Received Revised

December 25, 2022


December 25, 2022

Available Online

December 25, 2022

Corresponding author email:


How to Cite

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University