AJ Life Sci. 2023, 7 (1)

GIS Based Evaluation of Population Density and Diversity of Birds of Prey of District Muzaffargarh, Punjab Pakistan

Muhammad Khalil, Nazakat Ali1, Ali Umar, Azhar Iqbal, Muhammad Ahmad, Muhammad Abdullah, Samina shakoor, Muhammad Wajid, Muhammad Saleem Khan, Arshad Javid, Hayat Ullah, Maliha Sarfraz, Majid Alhomrani

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Okara, Okara 56130, Pakistan.

Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore.

Department of Chemistry, University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan

University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

Department of Clinical Laboratories Sciences, the faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia


Diversity and evaluation of populations of raptors were accomplished in District Muzaffargarh (South Punjab, Pakistan) by using belt transect (5 x 0.1Km) method. In current study we reported total 447 raptors, that related to 10 species present in 2 families (Accipitridae and Pandionidae) with a density of 34.38 birds/Km2. Values of dominance (0.185), Simpson 0.818, Shannon Wiener 2.00, and evenness (0.567) were measured, recommended in even distribution of the species Black Kite (Milvus migrans; relative abundance, RA 0.082) was most plentiful species, flowed by Shikra (Accipiter badius; RA 0.038), Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus; RA 0.0336), Black Shoulder Kite (Elanus caeruleus; RA 0.0537), Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus; RA 0.0201), and Brahminy's Kite (Haliastur indus; RA 0.0157). Another five species (Steppe Eagle, Aquila nipalensis; Common Buzzard, Buteo; Long Legged Buzzard, Buteo rufinus; White Eyed Buzzard, Butastur teesa; and Osprey, Pandion haliaetus) were uncommon (RA 0.0022).

Keywords: Biodiversity, Population density, Birds of Prey, GIS, Relative Abundance




February 15, 2023

Received Revised

January 1, 2023


January 1, 2024

Available Online

January 3, 2024

Corresponding author email:


How to Cite

Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences , ISSN (online): 2663-1040, Published by Abasyn University